Universities Around World

One Set of Articles and Books about Critical Thinking   

Below are citations of the articles and books authored or co-authored by Robert H. Ennis that deal with practical and theoretical aspects of the nature of, instruction in, and assessment of, critical thinking. There are of course thousands of articles on these topics; these are just contribution of one person and his colleagues. This set gives an idea of the range of topics that have been discussed.
(Revised, March, 2014)

Ennis, Robert H. (2013c). Critical thinking across the curriculum: The Wisdom CTAC Program. Inquiry: Critical Thinking across the Curriculum, 28, 2, 25-45.

Ennis, Robert H., S. Murphy-Manley, S. Miller, and M. Gillespie (2013b). The Wisdom CTAC proposal: Editor’s comments and Ennis’ replies. Inquiry: Critical Thinking across the Curriculum, 28, 2, 46-52.

Ennis, Robert H. (2013a). The nature of critical thinking. http://criticalthinking.net,
under “What is critical thinking?”

Ennis, Robert H. (2012). Analyzing and defending sole singular causal claims. A paper presented at the Biennial meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association, November, 2012.

Ennis, Robert H. (2011e). Defending sole singular causal claims (2011). In Zenker, Frank (ed.). Argumentation: Cognition and Community. Proceedings of the 9th International Conference of the Ontario Society for the Study of Argumentation (OSSA), May 18-21, 2011. Windsor, ON (CD ROM).

Ennis, Robert H. (2011d). Commentary on “Causation and correlation” (2011). ). In Zenker, Frank (ed.). Argumentation: Cognition and Community. Proceedings of the 9th International Conference of the Ontario Society for the Study of Argumentation (OSSA), May 18-21, 2011. Windsor, ON (CD ROM).

Ennis, Robert H.
(2011c).
Reply to Maurice Finocchiaro. In Zenker, Frank (ed.). Argumentation: Cognition and Community. Proceedings of the 9th International Conference of the Ontario Society for the Study of Argumentation (OSSA), May 18-21, 2011. Windsor, ON (CD ROM).

Ennis, Robert H. (2011b). Critical thinking: Reflection and perspective Part II. Inquiry: Critical Thinking across the Disciplines, 26, 2 (Summer), 5-19.


Ennis, Robert H. (2011a). Critical thinking: Reflection and perspective Part I. Inquiry: Critical Thinking across the Disciplines, 26, 1 (Spring), 4-18.

Ennis, Robert H. (2009). Investigating and assessing multiple-choice critical thinking tests. In Sobocan, J. and Groarke, L (Eds.), Critical thinking education and assessment: Can higher order thinking be tested? London, Ontario: Althouse. Pp. 75-97.

Ennis, Robert H. (2008) Nationwide testing of critical thinking for higher education: Vigilance required. Teaching Philosophy 31, 1 (March), 1-26.

Ennis, Robert H. (2007). 'Probable' and its equivalents. In Hans V. Hansen & Robert C. Pinto (Eds.), Reason reclaimed: Essays in honor of J. Anthony Blair and Ralph H. Johnson. Newport News, VA: Vale Press. Pp. 243-256.

Ennis, Robert H. (2006). 'Probably'. In David Hitchcock & Bart Verheij (Eds.), Arguing on the Toulmin model. Dordrecht, the Netherlands: Springer. Pp. 145-164.

Ennis, Robert H. (2005). Pensamiento critico: un punto de vista racional. Revisita de Psicologia y educacion. Vol. 1, Num. 1, 47-64. A Spanish reprint and translation of “Critical thinking: a streamlined conception” (1991).

Ennis, Robert H.& Millman, Jason. (2005). Cornell critical thinking test, level X (Fifth Edition). Seaside, CA: The Critical Thinking Company.

Ennis, Robert H.& Millman, Jason. (2005). Cornell critical thinking test, level Z (Fifth Edition). Seaside, CA: The Critical thinking Company.

Ennis, Robert H., Millman, Jason, & Tomko, Thomas N. (2005). Cornell critical thinking tests: Administration manual (Fifth Edition). Seaside, CA: The Critical Thinking Company.


Ennis, Robert H. (2004). Applying soundness standards to qualified reasoning. Informal Logic, 24, 1, 23-39.

Ennis, Robert H. (2003).Critical thinking assessment. In Fasko, Dan (Ed.), Critical thinking and reasoning: Current theories, research, and practice. Cresskill, NJ: Hampton.

Ennis, Robert H. (2002). Goals for a critical thinking curriculum and its assessment. In Arthur L. Costa (Ed.), Developing minds (3rd Edition). Alexandria, VA: ASCD. Pp. 44-46.

Ennis, Robert H. (2001). Argument appraisal strategy: A comprehensive approach. Informal Logic, 21.2 (2), 97-140.

Ennis, Robert H. (2000). Test reliability: A practical exemplification of ordinary language philosophy. Philosophy of education 1999. Champaign, IL: Philosophy of Education Society.

Ennis, Robert H. (1998). Is critical thinking culturally biased? Teaching Philosophy, 21, 1 (March), 15-33.

Ennis, Robert H. (1997). Incorporating critical thinking in the curriculum: An introduction to some basic issues. Inquiry, 16 (3), 1-9.

Ennis, Robert H. (1996a) Critical thinking. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Ennis, Robert H. (1996b). Critical thinking dispositions: Their nature and assessability. Informal Logic, 18, 2 & 3, 165-182 .

Ennis, Robert H. (1993). Critical thinking assessment. Theory into Practice, 32 (3), 179-186.

Ennis, Robert H. (1992a). John McPeck's Teaching critical thinking. Educational Studies, 23 (4), 462-472.

Ennis, Robert H. (1992b). Assessing higher order thinking for accountability. In J. W. Keefe & H. J. Walberg (Eds.), Teaching for Thinking. Reston, VA: National Association of Secondary School Principals. Pp. 73-91.

Ennis, Robert H. (1991a). The State of Illinois goals and sample learning objectives for scientific thinking and methods: Strengths, weaknesses and suggestions. Spectrum, 17 (1), 10-16.

Ennis, Robert H. (1991b). An elaboration of a cardinal goal of science instruction: Scientific thinking. Educational Philosophy and Theory, 23 (1), 31-45.

Ennis, Robert H. (1991c). Critical thinking: A streamlined conception. Teaching Philosophy, 14 (1), 5-25.

Kennedy, M, Fisher, M.B. & Ennis, R.H. (1991). Critical thinking: Literature review and needed research. In L. Idol and B.F. Jones (Eds.), Educational values and cognitive instruction: Implications for reform. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum. Pp. 11-40.

Ennis, Robert H. (1990). The extent to which critical thinking is subject specific: further clarification, Educational Researcher, 19 (4), 13-16.

Ennis, Robert H. & Norris, Stephen P. (1990). Critical thinking assessment: Status, issues, needs." In Sue M. Legg and James Algina (Eds.), Cognitive assessment of language and math outcomes. Norwood, NJ: Ablex. Pp. 1-42.

Ennis, Robert H. (1989). Critical thinking and subject specificity: Clarification and needed research. Educational Researcher, 18 (3), 4-10. Reprinted as Conflicting views on teaching critical reasoning; in Richard A. Talaska (Ed.), Critical reasoning in contemporary culture. Albany: State :University of New York Press. Pp. 5-27; also reprinted as The degree to which critical thinking is subject specific: Clarification and needed research. In Stephen P. Norris (Ed.), The generalizability of critical thinking: Multiple perspectives on an educational ideal. New York: Teachers College Press. Pp. 21-37.

Norris, Stephen P. and Ennis, Robert H.(1989). Evaluating critical thinking. Pacific Grove, CA: Midwest Publications.

Ennis, Robert H. (1987a). A taxonomy of critical thinking dispositions and abilities. In J. Baron & R. Sternberg (Eds.), Teaching thinking skills: Theory and practice. New York: W.H. Freeman. Pp. 9-26.

Ennis, Robert H. (1987b). A conception of critical thinking – with some curriculum suggestions. APA Newsletter on Teaching Philosophy, Summer. Pp.1-5.

Fischer, J. M. and Ennis, R. H. (1986). Causation and liability. Philosophy and Public Affairs, 15 (1), 33-40.

Ennis, Robert H. (1985). Quality and creativity. In E. Robertson (Ed.), Philosophy of education 1984 (pp. 323-328). Bloomington, IL: Philosophy of Education Society.

Ennis, Robert H. & Weir, Eric. (1985). The Ennis-Weir critical thinking essay test. Pacific Grove, CA: Midwest Publications.

Sutton, R. & Ennis, R. H. (1985). Logical operations in the classroom. In Husen, T. and Postlethwaite, T. N. (Eds.), International encyclopedia of education: Research and studies. Oxford: Pergamon Press. Pp. 3129-3139.

Ennis, Robert H. (1984). Problems in testing informal logic, critical thinking, reasoning ability. Informal Logic, 6, 3-9.
 
Ennis, Robert H. (1982a). Abandon causality? Educational Researcher, 11 (7), 25-27.

Ennis, Robert H. (1982b). Mackie's singular causality and linked overdetermination. In Asquith, Peter D. & Nickles, Thomas (Eds.), PSA 1982. East Lansing MI: Philosophy of Science Association. Pp. 55-64.

Ennis, Robert H. (1982c). Identifying implicit assumptions. Synthese , 51, 61-86.

Ennis, Robert H. (1981a). A conception of deductive logic competence. Teaching Philosophy, 4, 337-385.

Ennis, Robert H. (1981b) Rational thinking and educational practice. In J. Soltis, (Ed.), Philosophy of Education, 1981 (Eightieth Yearbook of the National Society for the Study of Education, Part I). Chicago, IL: The National Society for the Study of Education. Pp. 143-183.

Ennis, Robert H. (1981c). Eight fallacies in Bloom's taxonomy. In C.J.B. Macmillan (Ed.), Philosophy of education 1980. Bloomington, IL: Philosophy of Education Society. Pp. 269-273.

Ennis, Robert H. (1980). Presidential address: A conception of rational thinking. In Jerrold Coombs (Ed.), Philosophy of education 1979. Bloomington, IL: Philosophy of Education Society. Pp. 1-30.

Tomko, T.N. and Ennis, R.H. (1980). Evaluation of informal logic competence. In J. A. Blair & R. Johnson (Eds.), Informal logic: The first international symposium. Inverness, CA: Edgepress. Pp. 113-144.

Ennis, Robert H. (1979). Research in philosophy of science and science education. In P. Asquith & H. Kyburg (Eds.), Current research in philosophy of science. East Lansing, MI: Philosophy of Science Association. Pp. 138-170.

Ennis, Robert H. (1976). An alternative to Piaget's conceptualization of logical competence. Child Development, 47, 903-919.

Ennis, Robert H. (1975). Children's ability to handle Piaget's propositional logic: A conceptual critique. Review of Educational Research, 45, 1-41.

Ennis, Robert H. (1974a). The believability of people. Educational Forum, 38, 347-354.

Ennis, Robert H. (1974a). Definition in science teaching. Instructional Science, 3, 285-298.

Ennis, Robert H. (1973). On causality. Educational Researcher, 2 (6), 4-11.

Ennis Robert H. (1973). The responsibility of a cause. In Brian Crittendon (Ed.), Philosophy of Education 1973. Edwardsville, IL: Studies in Philosophy and Education. Pp. 86-93.

Ennis, Robert H. (1971). Conditional logic and primary school children: A developmental study. Interchange, 2, 126-132.

Ennis, Robert H. (1969a). Logic in teaching. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Ennis, Robert H. (1969b). Ordinary logic. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Ennis, Robert H. (1969c). Operationism can and should be divorced from covering law assumptions (a reprint of  “Operational Definitions (1964). In L.I. Krimerman (Ed.), (1969), The nature and scope of social science: A critical anthology. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, pp. 431-444. Pp. 431-444.

Ennis, Robert H. (1969d). The possibility of neutrality. Journal of Educational Theory, 19, 347-356.


Ennis, Robert H., Finkelstein, Mark, Smith, Ed, and Wilson, Nancy (1969). Conditional logic and Children (Cornell Critical Thinking Readiness Project, Phase IIC). Ithaca, NY: The New York State College of Agriculture at Cornell University. ERIC # ED 040437.

Ennis, Robert H. (1968). Enumerative induction and best explanation. The Journal of Philosophy, 65, 523-530.

Ennis, Robert H. (1964a). Operational definitions. American Educational Research Journal, 1, 183-201.

Ennis, Robert H. (1964b). A definition of critical thinking. The Reading Teacher, 17 (8), 599-612.

Ennis, Robert H. & Paulus, Dieter (1964). Deductive logic in adolescence (Cooperative Research Project No. 1680), ERIC # ED 0381. Ithaca, N.Y.: New York State College of Agriculture at Cornell University.

Ennis, Robert H. (1962). A concept of critical thinking. Harvard Educational Review, 32, 81-111. Reprinted in B. Paul Komisar and C.J.B. Macmillan (Eds.), (1967), Psychological concepts in education. Chicago: Rand McNally and Company, pp. 114-148.

Ennis, Robert H. (1961). Assumption-finding. In B.O. Smith & R.H. Ennis (Eds.), Language and concepts in education. Chicago: Rand McNally and Company . Pp. 161-178. Reprinted as (1971) La identificacion de supestos, in B. Othanel Smith and Robert H. Ennis (Eds.), Lenguaje y conceptos en la educacion, Buenos Aires: El Ateneo, pp. 177-194.

Ennis, Robert H. (1959). The "impossibility" of neutrality. Harvard Educational Review, 29, 128-136. Reprinted as “Is it impossible for the schools to be neutral?”, (1961), Language and concepts in education, B. Othanel Smith and Robert H. Ennis (Eds.), Chicago: Rand McNally and Company, pp. 102-111; and (1971) “?Es imposible que las escueles sean neutrales?”, in B. Othanel Smith and Robert H. Ennis (Eds.), Lenguaje y conceptos en la educacion, B.Othanel Smith and Robert H. Ennis (Eds.), Buenos Aires: Al Ateneo, pp. 113-123.

Ennis, Robert H. (1959). The development of a critical thinking test. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Illinois. University Microfilms #59-00505.

Ennis, Robert H. (1958). An appraisal of the Watson-Glaser critical thinking appraisal. Journal of Educational Research, 52, 155-158.

Ennis, Robert H. (1956). Critical thinking: More on its motivation. Progressive Education, May, 1956, 75-78.














Suggestions are welcome.